Around 40% of women of reproductive age have fibroids growing in or around their womb at some point and many do not even realize but Fibroids can affect fertility.
What is Fibroids?
They are tumours that grow from muscle tissue in the uterus, usually found in or around the womb. They are not cancerous and can vary quite a lot in size. Many women never get any symptoms and do not realise they have them.
What causes Fibroids?
Their growth is linked to the action of oestrogen. Oestrogen is a reproductive hormone produced by the ovaries, fibroids usually develop between the ages of 16 and 50 and can shrink after menopause, when levels of reproductive hormones drop. They’re not dangerous in themselves but may need treatment if they start to cause problems and, in some cases, they can have an impact on fertility.
How can I know I have Fibroids?
Around one in three women with fibroids develop symptoms, which can include pain and heavy bleeding. Sometimes, they can also press on the bladder and intestine, making you need the toilet a lot and finding sex painful.
Fibroids and Pregnancy
Most fibroids don’t grow while you’re pregnant, but if it happens it most likely will be during your first 3 months (first trimester). That’s because fibroids need a hormone called estrogen to grow.
The primary problems that could occur are bleeding, pain and miscarriages. In the Second and Third Trimesters, fibroids can cause pain, miscarriage preterm birth but after pregnancy, they shrink.
How can Fibroids be treated?
- pain relievers, such as ibuprofen
- hormone therapy
- GnRH agonists
- SERMs (SERMs stands for selective estrogen receptor modulators)
- WebMD. Uterine Fibroids. Accessed on 10th October 2018.