Miscarriage in Pregnancy: Types, Causes, symptoms, Dealing with Pregnancy loss

What is a Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is an event that results in the loss of a fetus during the early stage of pregnancy. Sometimes, it can be called sometimes also called spontaneous abortion. It typically happens during the first trimester, or the first three months, of the pregnancy. According to the American Pregnancy Association (APA), about 10 to 25 per cent of all clinically recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage. The cause of a miscarriage varies from person to person.


What are the types of miscarriages?

There are many different types of miscarriage conditions;

  • Blighted ovum, where a fertilized egg implants into your uterine wall, but fetal development never begins.
  • Complete miscarriage, where the products of conception are expelled from your body.
  • Incomplete miscarriage, where the membranes are ruptured, and your cervix is dilated or thinned.
  • A missed miscarriage, where the embryo dies without your knowledge, and you don’t deliver it.
  • Recurrent miscarriage, where you’ve had three or more consecutive first-trimester miscarriages
  • Ectopic miscarriage, where an egg implant somewhere other than your uterus, usually in your fallopian tubes
  • Threatened miscarriage, where bleeding and cramps point to a possible upcoming miscarriage

During pregnancy, your body supplies hormones and nutrients to your developing fetus. This helps your fetus develop normally during your pregnancy. Most first trimester miscarriages happen because the fetus doesn’t develop normally.


What are the factors that trigger abortions?

  1. Genetic or chromosome issues
  2. External health conditions
  3. Risk factors

What are the Symptoms of a miscarriage?

  • mild to severe back pain
  • heavy spotting
  • vaginal bleeding
  • expulsion of tissue with clots from your vagina
  • severe abdominal pain
  • cramps


Does having one miscarriage put me at a higher risk?

Having one miscarriage doesn’t increase your risk of having other miscarriages. Only one in 100 women experience three or more miscarriages in a row. Over 60 per cent of these women also go on to carry a baby to full-term. Though not all miscarriages can be prevented, having a miscarriage doesn’t mean you won’t conceive again in the future. According to the Mayo Clinic, only a small number of women have two or more miscarriages. Most women who miscarry have healthy pregnancies later.


How to Deal with miscarriage or Pregnancy loss

  1. Allow yourself to express your emotions. Miscarriage is like losing a loved one, which comes with a roller coaster of emotions ranging from sadness to despair. ...
  2. Rely on friends and loved ones for help. ...
  3. Find a support group.
  4. Seek spiritual guidance.
  5. Talk with a therapist.


  1. American pregnancy. Miscarriage. Accessed on the 26th September 2018
  2. Healthline. Miscarriage. Accessed on the 26th September 2018
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